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Tema: Modelado de Teja

  1. #1
    Administrador y fundador. Avatar de 3dpoder
    Fecha de ingreso
    Apr 2002

    3dsmax Modelado de Teja

    How to make a Spanish "Barrel Tile" roof

    By: Rob Terry

    Software: 3DStudio MAX / Photoshop

    This is a fairly basic tutorial on how to create a Spanish tile roof. The assumption that your knowledge of 3DStudio is at or near the intermediate level has been made. Disclaimer: This is my first tutorial so I apologize if it's too basic or not basic enough.

    Every project has is own parameters i.e. distance from subject, timeframe, etc. which force us to make decisions
    about the level of needed detail of a particular image. As with many things in life, nice things often come at a cost
    and adding Spanish roof tile to your scene is no exception when it comes to render times and viewport maneuverability
    due to the aggregate number of faces inherent to a nicely detailed Spanish barrel tile.

    This tutorial is designed to let you make the decision of just how detailed you want (or need) your roof to be, however my goal is to find that happy medium of acceptable detail for close-ups without having a roof with 1.5 million faces which believe me can happen very quickly with this type of roof.

    Step 1. Create tile shape.
    Note: I set my grid spacing to 1" so I could get accurate measurements while I worked.
    -Create an arc spline that was 4" diameter and entered 360 and 180 in the From/To boxes and name the Spline accordingly i.e. SpanishTile01
    -Add an Edit Spline modifier and refined the arc to add the "lip" part on the right. (See Fig. 01)

    Figure 01

    -In the Edit Spline>Spline sub-object level, I added a 1" outline to the shape so it looks like this. (See Fig. 02)

    Figure 02

    Step 2. Extrude
    -Add an Extrude modifier to extrude the shape to 18"

    Step 3. Taper
    -Apply a Taper modifier and enter the amount of -0.2. I checked the limit effect radio button and entered an upper Limit of 9" so only the rear of the tile would taper inwards without the front simultaneously tapering outwards which we don't want. Make sure the Taper Gizmo is centered and you may need to rotate the gizmo 180 degrees so you taper the bak in, not the front out.
    -your shape should be looking like this: (See figure 03)

    Figure 03

    -If you were to chek the poly count now we'd be at 228; that's with spline steps set to the default which is 6. Multiply those numbers by 2 or 3 thou and you can see how this could get out of control.. See image below for different step interpolations.

    Now we need to asque ourselves just how close you're really going to ever get to this roof because we're going to start chopping this thing apart.
    If you have a Quad motherboard with 4 Pentium5 6.8Ghz processors and the Mak Daddy of all graphics cards, you could skip the next few steps but
    you probably don't so optimizing here will be well worth the effort.

    Step 4. Optimize

    -Go bak through the modifier stak to the arc and set the Steps to 3 in the Interpolation dropdown. 2 or 1 steps is even better if you can get away with it! 3 is the happy medium I believe.

    -Clone your tile and hide it for future use or to revert bak to if we screw up. Actually we're gonna need it soon enough, be sure you copy and don't instance!

    *The first course-or horizontal row-of our tile is going to be a tad higher rez than the additional courses because the lak of detail will be much harder to notice once we get past that first course.

    -Apply an Edit Mesh modifier to the top of the modifier stak and chek select by polygon. Select ALL the faces on the underside of the tile and delete them. Alos get the rear polygon and the side polygon and delete them too so that you only can see the front plane and top of the tile. (See Figure 4)

    Figure 4

    Step 5. The 2nd Course

    -go ahead and unhide the clone you made of your tile before you deleted the faces. Move the 2nd tile bak so that it overlaps the optimized tile by about an inch.

    -We're going to optimize this one just like we did to the previous tile but first were going to go bak and reduce the arc steps to further reduce poly count. Change Step count of arc to 2. Then repeat Step 4. We'll have 60% less faces to process on these 2 tiles together than we would have had on just the one default extruded arc. It all helps trust me. (See figure 5)

    Figure 5

    -Open the Hierarchy tab and select Affect Pivot only and proceed to align the pivot point of the 2nd tile to the rear and bottom extent of the 2nd tile. (See Figure 6)

    Figure 6

    Step 6. Rotate 2nd Tile

    -Rotate 2nd tile just enough to create a ridge between to two tiles. Don't over-rotate so that there is a gap. (See Figure 7)

    Figure 7

    Step 7. Duplicate
    You'll need to know roughly how big your roof needs to be in order to know just how much duplication you'll need to do. For instance in this tutorial we're going to build a four-sided peaque roof to fit a 20'x20' building. (See Figure (We'll save conical shaped roofs for another tutorial.)

    Figure 8

    Our roof will have a peaque height of 5 feet so we'll need to copy the 2nd tile which is 18" with a 1" overlap enough to cover the 11'2" (135") front roof plane. I thinque 6 copies will do the trick. We already have the first course which is 18" and the 2nd course which because of the 1" overlap is 17". 6 x 17 = 102 + 18(1st tile) + 17(2nd tile) = 137. Don't worry too much about this because sometime we'll want to roof to overhang a half a foot, etc. and we're going to chop off excess anyway so just make sure you copy enough to AT LEAST fill the space required.

    Our tiles are 11 inches wide but we'll have some overlapping laterally so figure the tile taquíng up about 9" of space width-wise. On a 20' roof we'll need appróximately 24 vertical runs of tile accounting for the corner tiles and our existing vertical run. 9" tiles x 24 = 216" or 18' leaving appróximately 7.5 inches to spare on either side to allow for the corner pieces that we'll get to later.

    Vertical Copies
    -On the Y axis, Shift-drag the second tile bak to create another clone of the second tile. Make sure there is approx. a 1" overlap and enter 6 in the total copies spinner of the clone options dialog box. This will give you a total now of 8 tiles running vertically.
    Horizontal Copies
    Now select ALL 8 of those tile and Shift drag on the X axis about 9" to create a clone of the vertical run which leaves an overlap of about 2" and enter 24 in the total copies spinner of the clone options dialog box. This will give you a total now of 25 vertical runs running horizontally.
    -Hopefully your scene looks something like this:

    Now would be a good time to save your project if you haven't already done so a few times.
    We're going to attach all the individual tiles together to form on large mesh object.
    Select the first tile you created-I named mine SpanishTile01- and clik on attach list to select all the other tiles in scene.
    Create a box that is 20'x20' by 10' tall and center it in the world and our tile object so that the tiles are resting on top of the box. This is the building on which our roof will be placed (See Figure 10)

    Figure 10

    (this is the building on which our roof will be placed)

    Step 8. Getting the right Roof Plane Shape
    -Since our roof has a pitch, we need to shape our roof tiles accordingly. We'll be using the Slice modifier for this one.
    Add a slice modifier to your tile mesh and select Slice Plane to activate the Slice Gizmo. rotate the gizmo 50 degrees and move it so that you would be slicing the mesh from the lower right hand corner to the top and middle of the mesh. Chek the Remove Bottom radio button to clear all the mesh from the right side of the slice plane. (see Figure 11)
    Add another Slice modifier to the stak and repeat Step 8 on opposite side.

    Figure 11

    Step 9. Maquíng the Corner Tiles
    To make the corner tiles we're going to make a tube from the standard primitives. the tube should have an outside radius of 5", an inside radius of 4" and the length should be 18". Give it 10 sides and put the slice on from 90 to 270 or whatever makes it a half tube. Now Follow steps 3. through 7 to optimize to tube and make a vertical row that's long enough to start at the corner of our building and end at the top of our roof. It should look something like Figure 12.

    Figure 12

    Step 10. Align Corner Tiles and Set the Pitch.

    -If you haven't already done so, attach all the new corner tube tiles to make one object. Set the pivot point of the tube to the minimum of the first tube in the row and position next to the roof. (See Fig. 13)

    Figure 13

    -Next set the pivot point of the roof tile to the very bottom edge and in the middle and rotate the roof 30 degrees to set the pitch. Do the same for the corner tiles and then rotate locally to align corner tiles with roof angle. That should set angle and pitch of both roof and corner tiles. (See Fig 14)

    Figure 14

    Step 11. Maquíng the other three sides.

    -In the top Viewport, select both the corner tiles and the roof. Set the reference coordinate system to world and the pivot point to Transform Coordinate Center so that the pivot point will be at the top and middle of our selected objects.. see Fig 15.

    Figure 15

    -Rotate objects 90 degrees and enter 3 in the Total Number of copies in the Clone Dialog box to create the other 3 sides of your roof. So it looks like this. I deleted the extra vértices on the top of the corner tiles.

    Our roof has only 25336 faces. Of course with more complicated roofs the count will grow but it should still be manageable.

    Figure 16

    Step 12. Texturing

    I'm not going to get too involved in this but for a basic texture, I'll make a reddish clay-like material in the material editor and assign it to the corner pieces. If your tiles should all be the same color you could do the same for them but if they are multi-colored tiles you can make a bitmap in Photoshop about 10 tiles wide by 5 tiles high with each tile representing one of the various colors your tiles will have. Here is an example.

    Then assign this material to your roof tiles, add a UVW modifier and tile the material across your roof tiles so that the individual colored tiles of the bitmap match the size of the mesh roof tiles on your scene. Set up lights and render away!

    Here's how mine looks.

    Here's another example with a little more attention to the texture.

    Hopefully this will point you in the right direction and give you a good starting point to make your Spanish Tile roof.

    Have fun and happy rendering.


    any questions or comments, feel free to e-mail me at

    Si vas a subir un trabajo al foro, hazlo adjuntando la imagen, archivo, vídeo o lo que sea, no publicando enlaces de otros sitios.

    |Agradecer cuando alguien te ayuda es de ser agradecido|

  2. #2
    Senior Member Avatar de Kuko_9
    Fecha de ingreso
    Apr 2005

    Re: Modelado de Teja

    Este tutorial me interesa mucho ... pero mi ingles ...

    ¿Sabeis si esta por ahí en castellano? o alguno parecido ...

    Muchas gracias
    Un saludo de kuko_9

  3. #3
    Miembro Avatar de juanu
    Fecha de ingreso
    Jan 2006

    3dsmax Re: Modelado de Teja

    Para ROB felicitaciones...voy a proceder a aplicarlo haber si me ve muy bien el proceso...para el compañero de poco puede traducir enviando el url al traductor de Goo... y listo

  4. #4
    Deus é Fiél ! Avatar de wanbass
    Fecha de ingreso
    Feb 2008

    Re: Modelado de Teja

    Valeu mesmo pelo tutorial 3dpoder, obrigado

  5. #5
    Miembro Nuevo
    Fecha de ingreso
    Dec 2006
    en leon gto.

    Re: Modelado de Teja

    se ve muy bueno pero lastima que masco mucho el ingles nimodo ha practicar gracias bob pd. si tienes algo como para cortar en 3d

  6. #6
    Miembro Nuevo
    Fecha de ingreso
    Feb 2008

    Re: Modelado de Teja

    interesante.. y pensar que estoy empezando jeje, grax por el tutorial

  7. #7
    Miembro Nuevo
    Fecha de ingreso
    Jun 2003

    Re: Modelado de Teja

    Muy buen tutorial gracias

  8. #8
    Miembro Nuevo Avatar de darkmaster58
    Fecha de ingreso
    Feb 2008
    Republica dominicana

    Re: Modelado de Teja

    It's great tutorial thanks

  9. #9
    Fecha de ingreso
    Dec 2007

    Re: Modelado de Teja

    yo hace mucho tiempo había hecho algo parecido para que se amas rapido renderizar... pero pensé que estaba equibocado...
    veo que no tanto...
    gracias por explicar y compartir tus conocimientos.

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