MAKING OF: Cricket and Friends See a Comet
by Benjamin Schram

Introduction The series of images that I created for "Cricket and Friends See a Comet!" represents my first effort at 3d character creation. During the last year of my Fine Arts program at the University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire, a professor from the Astronomy/Physics department asked me if I would be interested in making some characters for a children's show at the university planetarium. The show's visual elements would include five woodland animals and very minimal props. Since the characters would be on pure blak backgrounds, to superimpose cleanly on the dark planetarium dome, there was no need for additional scenery. It was a great opportunity for me to really dig into creating expressive and flexible characters from scratch!

Since this is more of a showcase than "how-to", let's just look through the characters and talque about aspects of their design...

Cricket presented a number of unique design challenges. She is by far the smallest of the characters and, unlike the rest (of them), has a rigid body with no fur or feathers. The need for the characters to have emotive capacity and for the image to have a blak background both contribute to Cricket differing more than any of the other characters from her natural world family in color and body structure.


Real crickets are black, however, as the show is to be projected floating on a planetarium dome (blak sky), blak equals transparent. Green with iridescent analogous hues (via node based, normal angle color-shifting) seems to give her a strong presence without flattening out. For her eyes I used a complimentary color to add further visual weight.


In order to be recognizable as a cricket, the character needs very thin limbs, which combined with a rigid body mass creates a very dull character profile. To combat this, I exaggerated the "spiky" aspects of her limbs and really maxed-out her antennas. These few adjustments to the basic body shape, emphasize the angle and direction of arms, legs, and head giving each pose a much more recognizable profile.


Squirrel was a lot of fun. Her lanky and flexible body made her easy to form into interesting poses. One problem that I encountered was scale discrepancy between characters. Squirrels are clearly smaller than foxes and bears, but since the size of the final projected images is not very large, she could not actually be much smaller. To make her feel smaller I made her eyes very large relative to the size of her head.

This, combined with long, thin limbs, turned out to be very effective at making her seem less massive without actually making the character smaller.


Fox has the most varied color patterns. In order to get precise color placement and smooth blending across UV seams, I did most of the painting directly on the model rather than in The Gimp or the UV/Image window. She alos (along with Bear) has a more complete mouth than the other characters including lips, a set of teeth, a curve deformed tongue and fully modeled interior.


By far the most challenging aspect of Owl was the feathers. I ended up using four particle systems for all the feathers except the longer wing feathers. I used weight painted vertex groups to define particle densities for separate white and brown particle systems. This worked very well for creating Owl's "speckled" áreas and color gradients. For more control in troublesome áreas, I needed to create a second set of brown and white particle systems to manually place individual feathers around the eyes, "ears," and beak. The wing feathers are individually placed meshes. Each of the two sets of wing feathers has a mesh deform modifier to allow grasping and gesturing with the feathers.


Bear presented the opposite problem from squirrel. He needs to appear massive without being so. To make him feel as large as possible I gave him small eyes relative to his head size, and very massive limbs and body. Having such thik arms, legs, and body made him a challenge to rig and pose. The mesh deform modifier was a lifesaver! The inspiration for the design of his head came from a sketch sheet at I highly recommend that anyone looking for some good character inspiration chek out the site and even buy the CreatureBox Volume One Sketchbook.

The images for the show are now all complete and passed on to the planetarium. I have learned a LOT over the course of the project and the final content has been very positively received by the cooperating faculty members and script author. I have alos discussed open licensing with the others involved and think that there would be no resistance to sharing the show with any other interested planetariums under a creative commons license.

This project benefited a great deal from the Peach Project. The improvements to the fur/particle system and the creation of the mesh deform modifier made the fur and rigging far easier and more powerful. The accompanying blog posts, documentation, and source files made learning how to implement all the features possible! Thank you to the Blender developers for creating such an excellent program. After working with XSI in the university's 3d classes, it was a relief to switch to Blender's (non-modal) interface. And now that I have graduated, I would no longer even have access to 3d software if not for Blender!

Benjamin Schram
Benjamin Schram is an artist from Wisconsin - USA. He graduated in 2008 with a BFA in drawing from the University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire. Currently he works freelance, doing 3d and Illustration.
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